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Word Count: 435
Motivations are feelings or ideas that cause us to act toward a goal There are four basic theories of motivation instinct evolutionary theory drive-reduction theory arousal theory and incentive theory Instinct theory refers to Darwins influence that our genes incline us to act in ways that increases our change of survival In other words we behave a certain way because of our genetic composition For example whenever Im in the car with my mom and shes makes turn quickly before a car passes by I try to protect myself by raising my hands over my face Even though my hands over my face wouldnt help if we were to get into an accident I still unconsciously raise them Psychologist who believe in the instinct theory would say that there is a predispose reason for me to have risen my hands which would enhance my change of survival Drive-reduction theory refers to that our behavior is motivated by biological needs An example of this is food Whenever we are hunger our body doesnt achieve homeostasis or a balanced internal state This is because our body is craving for some food which means it is lacking something This unbalanced internal state creates a need whether its heat water or food For instance whenever Im hungry in school I sometimes buy some candy from someone who is selling it The need for food would be my primary drive In order to achieve my primary drive I would need money to pay for the candy which would be my secondary drive Arousal theory refers to our tendency to seek for an optimum level of excitement Each person has a different level of excitement For some they need little excitement to be motivated for other its different In addition most people do best with a high level of arousal For example when watching a movie I would rather watch an action film over a boring science film for entertainment To
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