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Last year state prison systems were operating between 14 and 25 over their reported capacity the federal system 26 over the reported capacity On average the incarcerated population has grown 79 annually since 1985 The question is what do we do with the increase overflow and what do we do with those awaiting trial when the jails are filled with a lot of non-violent criminal offenders Tracking devices such as ankle bracelets and implants could let low risk offenders be put safely on the streets instead of in prisons or jailsElectronic monitoring equipment is usually classified in terms of its signaling characteristics One type is a receiver which requires the offender to respond on cue when directed This type of monitoring is referred to as a passive system If the offender is wearing a wristlet heshe must answer the phone and then slide a portion of the wristwatch-like device into a black box hooked to the telephone that sends a signal to the computer confirming the offenders whereabouts and identity A second type of monitoring is referred to as active This is a continuous signaling device which consists of three parts The first is a small transmitter which is strapped to the offender around the wrist or ankle The second part is a receiverdialer which receives the signal from the bracelet and dials to the main computer and the main computer compares to the data to the offenders schedule and reports on their activities Another type of monitoring is video cameras which use video screens connected with telephones This allows the supervision personnel to actually see the offenders in their own residences This system is usually used for low risk offenders and those who were granted work release Visual verification requires no transmitter to be attached to the offender The person checks in with the supervisor with a more personal relationship because they are able to see each other One more method of electronic monitoring
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