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Voltaire was a philosopher and an author in his life of 84 years 1694-1778 Early in his life he thought optimistically but as time went on and significant things happened in his life he started leading more toward pessimism During his life many historical events happened such as the Enlightenment Voltaires most read book Candide shows and pokes fun at optimism in the 18th Century Voltaire was a French writer and philosopher who was one of the leading figures of the Enlightenment Encarta Voltaire was born in Paris on November 21 1694 His assumed name is Francois Marie Arouet but obtained his penname Voltaire after being imprisoned in the Bastille for writing witty verse mocking the royal authorities Comptons During his life he wrote many unsuccessful dramas but did write and enormously popular one called Zaire He also wrote many works of literature some of which are Candide Zadig The Century of Louis XIV Micromegas The Russian Empire under Peter the Great The Philosophical Dictionary and Essay on Morals Comptons In his life he stayed at the palace of Madame Du Chatlet until she died in 1749 He then moved to Berlin after Prussias Fredrick the Great invited him Three years later he moved Geneva Switzerland Then because of his strong opinions he was forced to move Ferney France By this time after moving and living in so many places he was a celebrity in Europe Suddenly after directing his play Irene he wealth failed him and he died on May 30 1778 Many events happened in history during Voltaires life During his life he experienced the disaster at Lisbon which affected him so much that he wrote the Poem on the Lisbon Disaster Another significant event was the Enlightenment in which he was a major philosophical figure He popularized the Enlightenment with his philosophy and his literature He affected literature of his time by writing the Philosophical Dictionary it didnt only affect
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