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Word Count: 2,375
In the first four books of The Republic Plato writes about Socrates dialogues with various characters as they attempt to find an accurate definition of justice or right conduct As is usual for a Socratic Dialogue each conversation opens with the question What is X - In this case How do you define Justice In the search for the answer the person dialoging with Socrates finds themselves constantly adjusting their answer to overcome Socrates criticisms until their arguments are so weak that they come to the conclusion that the answer is far more complicated then they first realized We find the first discussion about Justice in Book One Socrates Glaucon and Polemarchos are at Cephalos Polemarchos Father house along with Thrasymachos and various others On close examination of the discussion we find Socrates being very purposeful in the way he starts the conversation on Justice Cross and Woozley point out that the question is introduced in such a way as to first invite the most basic or conventional answers having flaws which can be easily revealed The subject comes to life as Socrates is asking Cephalos - who was a very wealthy man - about his life and how he found success He asks Cephalos what he feels he has gained most from his wealth In his answer Cephalos explains his belief that a decent man should never wrong anyone by this he means they should never deceive anyone be dishonest or remain in anyones debt Cephalos believes that his wealth has helped him to avoid such wrongs and thus has helped him to be a just man It is this answer which sparks the debate Socrates immediately expresses concern for Cephalos definition of Justice and uses an example to make the point that deception is not always wrong and honesty and repayment of debts is not always just But this very thing justice - are we to say that it is
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