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Discrimination in England and Wales is recognised as the act of treating someone less favourably on unjustifiable grounds The laws of discrimination in England and Wales was introduced in the 1970s and updated in the 1990s to prevent uncontrolled and entrenched prejudicial attitudes and practices In the 1960s the common law had developed no restrictions on discrimination and while the law itself did not discriminate they failed to prevent discrimination against individuals Legislation on race sex and later disability discrimination was introduced to protect individuals as well as bodies such as the equal opportunities commission and commission for racial equality and Article 14 of the convention of the human rights Act 1998 The discrimination laws were developed to include the Sex discrimination Act 1975 the Race Relations Act 1976 and the Disability discrimination Act 1995 Both acts have the common purpose pf eradicating discriminatory practices and make it a tort apposed to a criminal offence If individuals feel their rights have been breached they can bring an action in an employment tribunal or in the county court Section 11a of both acts state that Direct discrimination is deliberate discrimination purely on the basis of their sex or race In the case of Owen Briggs V James 1982 it was held that a black woman had been directly discriminated against on the grounds of race when she had answered a job advertisement for a typist job She could write 80 wpm shorthand but was told twice that she did not have the job while a white woman who could only write 30 wpm shorthand did In the Batisha v Sav 1977 case it was held that a woman was directly discriminated on grounds of sex when she was told she could not get the job of a cave guide as it was a mans job Both women were directly unjustifiably discriminated against not on reasonable grounds such as qualifications but on race and
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