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Cottons Impact on the United States Before the Civil War With the end of the War of 1812 few people in the United States envisioned a civil war in the future With a developing Western section of the country the future looked bright for a stable growing economy based on extraction of resources agriculture timber and various resources in the ground With the shipping resources of New England and financial centers in the North agriculture and extraction of resources seemed to be the foundation to base the countrys economy on Within a short period of time however the North was beginning to industrialize while the Southern states stayed agrarian A reason why the South did not industrialize was that cotton provided an economic system for the whole country that was as rewarding to the Southern farmers as to the Northern industrialists An example of the Southern attitude toward the Northern way of life is illustrative A white Alabaman during this period exclaimed We have no cities We dont want them We want no manufactures we desire no trading no mechanical or manufacturing classes As long as we have our rice our sugar our tobacco and our cotton we can command wealth to purchase all we want Factors that contributed to the economic system that this attitude was part of were the sale of government land in the South foreign and domestic demand for cotton and the contrast between free and slave labor Early Years of Cotton After the War of 1812 the US government sold large amounts of land in what was the Southern territories of Alabama and Mississippi Sales of government land in the two territories went from 27000 acres in 1815 to almost 3 million acres in 1819 Many of the purchasers of the land were farmers from South Carolina and Georgia These farmers looked forward to planting on previously uncultivated land The land could take heavy cultivation before
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