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Word Count: 1,632
Words 1656 1 According to Basham the term Dharma is virtually untranslatable On the basis of your reading how would you characterise the Hindu understanding of Dharma 2 Why according to chapter 1 of the Bhagavad Gita is Arjuna reluctant to fight his cousins 3 What argument is particular does Ajunas charioteer Krishna use to persuade him that he should put aside his doubts and join the battle To answer question one I will first explain that according to basham encyclopaedia pg244 the Dharma is virtually untranslatable and also I aim to clarify the caste system and finally i will explain what the Hindus understanding of the Dharma is To answer questions two and three I will first briefly explain what the Bhagavad Gita is and the importance of it to Hinduism Finally using the quotes from verses in the Bhagavad Gita I will answer why Arjuna is reluctant to fight his cousins and how Krishna persuades Arjuna to go into battle No language is perfect There is no proper equivalent word in English for the Sanskrit term Dharma It is very difficult to define Dharma What is Dharma Dharma is so called because it holds Dharma alone holds the people etc The word Dharma is derived from the root Dhr--to hold--and its etymological meaning is that which holds this world or the people of the world or the whole creation from the microcosm to the macrocosm It is the eternal Divine Law of the Hindu people The entire creation is held together and sustained by the All-powerful Law of Hindu Gods Practice of Dharma therefore means recognition of this Law and abidance by it Every Hindu knows and understands what it entails It is through fulfilling ones Dharma that merit is acquired and the goal of the Dharma complex obtained Hinduism page 47 Unlike other religions Hindu Dharma did not originate from a
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