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With reference to 1Qhab and other texts how did those at Qumran interpret the scriptures With this essay I am going to deal mainly with the Habbakuk commentary which is also known as the Habbakuk Pesher or 1Qhab This well preserved and detailed exposition of the first two chapters of the book of Habbakuk comes from Cave 1 and was published in 1950 The Habbakuk commentary is one of the main sources for the study of Qumran origins as well as Essene Bible exegesis and the sects theology regarding prophecy Habbakuk was a Hebrew prophet of the 7th Century ce whose prophecies are found in one of the Dead Sea Scrolls The so-called Pesher is a commentary on Habbakuks work It is an extremely detailed line-by-line examination and translation of the scroll and is a part of the scroll itself The scroll is damaged and some pieces are missing entirely so that the Pesher is of necessity incomplete The Qumran community completed many other Biblical commentaries indeed there are five different types of Biblical commentary that can be found amongst the Qumran literature The first and least developed form of exegesis is contained in the so-called Re-worked Pentateuch texts containing quasi traditional Bible texts occasionally rearranged and added to In this category are 4Q158 4Q364-7 etc The Temple Scroll can also be placed in this category The second type is represented by the Genesis Apocryphon and sets out to make the text more accessible to the community by giving it more substance by reconciling conflicting statements and by reinterpreting in the light of contemporary standards and beliefs any passages which might seem to give offence This is exemplified in a commentary on Genesis 4Q252 which attempts to adjust the chronology of the flood to the specific calendar of the Qumran community The third type of commentary reworks Biblical passages into entirely new stories It relies on one or several texts Examples in
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