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In this essay I will be discussing Montesquieu Dewey Wright and Lippmann These authors have been writing about todays government for many years These governments have many things in common as well as different Montesquieu says that virtue is the most important principle of democracy in American government That all members of society must put the public good ahead of their own interests The English have been unable to establish a democracy this century because those who were involved in public affairs had some virtue Their ambition was exited by the success of the bold and daring The spirit of one faction is repressed by the spirit of another When virtue ceases ambition enters those hearts that can admit it and greed enters them all One was free under the laws and now wants to be free against them The laws are not what are best of the public Each citizen is like an escaped slave Instead of the people fighting tyranny the people are fighting each other The principle of aristocracy is moderation The rich and upper class govern aristocracy and it is ruled by the best people based on their interests and represses those of the people Moderation in virtue has to lye within the aristocracy Keeping the interests of aristocracy in mind rather than personal interests Now such a body can repress itself in two ways Either by great virtue which makes noble equal to the people which would form a great republic Or by lesser virtue a moderation that leaves the nobles equal amongst themselves which brings about their preservation The moderation founded on virtue is the heart and soul of this government In monarchies the government uses as little virtue as possible to accomplish things The laws replace all these virtue in a monarchy One man is the supreme ruler over all
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