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R O M A N T I C I S M What was the Romantic Movement Commenced in late 18th century as a consequence of dynamic social change culminating in the French Revolution and the Napoleonic era Romanticism was an intellectual orientation that was instilled in many works of literature painting music etc in Western civilization between the 1790s and 1840s It was a rejection of the precepts of order calm physical materialism and 18th century rationalism Instead it was a celebration of the power of the imagination the development of nationalistic pride the individual the emotional and the transcendental It embraced human emotion and passion before rationality A celebration of nature of the creative relationship between the human heart and the natural world and of the desire to exhibit highest human potential Romanticism changed the perceptions people held of nature of the importance of spiritual and imaginative enlightenment and allowed people to remove themselves from the rational views of life to focus on an emotional side of humanity What beliefs did they hold about the nature of the world The Neoclassicist poets that preceded the Romantic Movement were obsessed with reason and commonsense They believed everything was ordered logical and correct which was reflected in their highly structured poetry and their use of satire and wit to comment on life In reaction Anti-intellectualism emerged - belief that everything could not be rationalized Nature was seen was the ultimate wonder not to study but to be appreciated and enjoyed Writers of the Romantic Age reacted strongly to the events of their time oThe city became synonymous with pain and hardship from the poor conditions for the proletariat during the early stages of Industrial Revolution oSupporters of the French Revolution who had envisioned a new age of democracy and equality in Britain were left in a state of bitter disappointment esp after its decline into The Terror Nature the literal opposite of the
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