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Mentally competent people or guardians of noncompetent people should be able to make the right-to-die decision In the following paragraphs many controversial issues will be discussed to possibly sway your opinion on a very important issue but in the end the decision will rely solely upon you and your beliefs In recent years debate has intensified in the United States over the question of whether terminally ill people should have the legal right to obtain a doctors help in ending their lives Assisted suicide and euthanasia also called the right to die movement which has either been barred by the law or has been prohibited by court rulings in almost every state In 1997 the Supreme Court upheld two state laws that barred assisted suicide The court ruled that the constitution sis not guarantee an individuals right to die Euthanasia must be legalized in a way that individuals are to decide for themselves what should or should not be done to their bodies That is laws must be strengthened and guidelines must be set to ensure the right of euthanasia will not be denied to people The case for euthanasia is justified on three fundamental moral principles mercy autonomy and justice Battin 18 First there is the principle of mercy This means that one ought to relieve pain of another and that it is a doctors duty to relieve pain and suffering for the patients Granting mercy sometimes requires euthanasia both by direct killing and letting die Moreover allowing doctors to end the life of terminally ill patients is more merciful than allowing them to die slowly and painfully Second there is the principle of autonomy That is euthanasia is an individuals choice It is the right of those who have a desire to be free from pain and total dependence on others to end their lives The degree of pain experienced by one can never be fully appreciated by another Thus no one can
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