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Stem cell research is the future of medicine Stem cells hold the cures to many diseases such as diabetes paralysis and maybe even cancer However stem cells are a major issue in the United States at this current time There are many people for and against the research of these valuable cells in which scientists have only just begun to explore One can see through studying these amazing cells that they hold much importance and to fully understand them a person must step into the science lab and observe their greatness The main question is what are stem cells and what future do they hold for patients suffering incurable diseases and injuries In 1988 the Stanford professor of pathology and cancer biology Irving Weissman reported having isolated blood-forming stem cells from mice Embryonic This was the beginning of stem cell research This was the period where scientists knew they had the ability to research stem cells and know that they were not hunting for something that wasnt there After Weissmans accomplishments in 1988 four years later in 1992 he isolated stem cells from humans Embryonic These amazing achievements were extremely rewarded with the hopes that stem cells would help cure or treat patients with such diseases as Alzheimers Parkinsons disease Multiple Sclerosis patients who have been paralyzed and maybe even victims of cancers To understand what stem cells are you must know what they do As defined by the Webster Dictionary a stem cell is an unspecialized cell that gives rise to differentiated cells A differentiated cell is a cell that is specialized for a certain aspect of the body such as heart cells or liver cells Stem Cell Basics Stem cells have two important characteristics that distinguish them from other types of cells First they are unspecialized cells that renew themselves for long periods through cell division The second is that under certain physiologic or experimental conditions they can be induced to become
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