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There were two main styles of architecture in the middle ages Gothic style architecture included big churches called cathedrals Cathedrals had tall skyscraper-like towers They made them that way to get people to look up in the sky and think of God Gothic architecture involved lots of big windows of stained glass The Gothic style was developed fully in France and England during the 12th century By the 13th century Gothic style spread to Germany A real and true Gothic cathedral is the Milan Cathedral in Italy The Gothic church here is a picture of St Chapelle in Paris France It was built in the mid-1200s Romanesque architecture had big internal spaces These buildings had barrel vaults columns and windows and doors with rounded arches The buildings were solid and heavy with small windows They were dimly lit This Romanesque church is in St-Guilhelm-le-Desert France It was founded by one of Charlemagnes bravest lieutenants A gargoyle was a scary ugly stone figure that was common on Gothic buildings They could be found on the roof or eaves The original purpose of a gargoyle was to act as a spout to prevent seepage and damage to the building People believed they could scare away evil spirits and serve a practical function at the same time This gargoyle sits in front of the bell tower at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris France Sainte-Chapelle Reims Cathedral 1243 - 12481210 and later the nave of the cathedral 1220 - 1330 A significat characterisitc of gothic architecture is hieght However the higher the wall the more force there is pushing in a outwardly direction Buttresses allowed builders to go higher with their walls as it allowed more support In this photo you can see the buttresses jutting perpendicular from the wall Invention of the flying buttress allowed medieval builders to construct taller and more delicated-looking buildings In this photo the flying buttesses connect the main wall
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