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The Socialist Themes in Gandhian Philosophy The philosophy of socialism has gradually permeated the entire structure of society the world over and almost the only point in dispute is the pace and methods of advance to its full realization India will have to go that way too if she seeks to end her poverty and inequality though she may evolve her own methods and may adopt the ideal suited to the genius of her race After gaining independence from the Britain Empire in 1948 India did embark on the political economic journey towards a socialist society where mendicancy and oppressive disparity would be abolished By 1972 only twenty-five years after independence India initiated four Five-Year Economic Plans Economic development took place on the basis of planning done by the Government in which the idea of mixed economy was accepted and accordingly both the public and private sectors operated in the countrys economy Although this period which was characterized by a centralized State that mediated the economy can be labeled as an economic success the man who freed India from her imperial shackles would have disputed this strength of the government Mohandas Gandhi 1869-1948 looked upon an increase in the power of the State with greatest fear because although while apparently doing good by minimizing exploitation it does the greatest harm to mankind by destroying individuality which lies at the root of all progress Certainly Gandhi was in favor of a decentralized democratic regime where he would realize freedom for full expression of his personality However Gandhi did not stand completely against the political philosophy of socialism as he agreed with many of the moral themes that pervade socialist thought Although he endorsed Indian democracy as his ultimate goal and continually pushed for these reforms within the Indian National Congress Gandhi held many other ideals that rested at the opposite end of the political spectrum Despite fighting for individual freedom he
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