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Discussion What made the shift from the modern machine culture of Corbusier to the new brutalism order of Team 10 Every phase of architecture has to have an anti-phase where its ideals are opposed The young architects who grew up with old masters ideals soon became disenchanted with his visions It can be harsh because a singular vision of utopia can never be achieved The birth of Team-X is due to these reasons CIAM Congres Internationaux dArchitecture Moderne was started in 1928 as a declaration signed by 24 architects in Europe Its agenda emphasizes building rather than architecture as the elementary activity of man intimately linked with evolution and the development of human life It was primary dominated by the idea of individualism at the first three meetings with topics that focused on the ideal efficient spaces for individuals and the minimum living standards At the 4th CIAM in 1933 the ideals of Corbusier took over His visions of the utopian modernist Machine City thus spread its influence throughout Europe City planning became the main focal point of the meetings This in fact would shape social orders throughout the continents And during his reign as the main idealist of CIAM it became the custom of architectural students to flock to CIAM to re-establish contact with the international Modern Movement to sit at the feet of its great masters and to acquire those non-parochial standards of architectural values This consequently lead to the birth of Team 10 the younger generation of architects who were involved with CIAM They wrote We of the younger generation received a shock at the Aix in seeing how far the wonder of the ville radieuse had faded from CIAM The members of Team 10 Bakema Candilis Gutmann Howell van Eyck Voelcker and the Smithsons were tied together by their ideals of reform the old visions of the original members of CIAM and also their genuine
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