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Dualism In this paper I will be discussing the philosophical perspective of Cartesian Dualism To draw upon reliable sources my information will be base from the textbooks Doing Philosophy as well as the Unfortunate Dualist found in the anthology Minds I I will make an attempt to show that Smullyans theories based on anti-dualism do not hold weight in modern philosophy During the period when Descartes was alive religion was a major part of society The belief that God was all around watching and controlling everything This firm belief in religion made it easier for Descartes to justify dualism to the masses If there were computer during that time his opinion may have differed because it would show him that the human mind is not the only form or intelligence In order to prove many things such as the existence of a higher power and the immortality of the soul Descartes came up with The thought experiment entailed imagining your existence without a material body which is conceivable Therefore Descartes envisioned the theory of dualism the existence of the immaterial mind and the physical body The main opponent to Cartesian Dualism is the theory of materialism The theory of materialism states that the mind is brain matter and is stimulated or engaged into action Bodily functions are occur when the brain tells the body it needs to move and the body does so by neurons and electrodes that fire from the brain and stimulate the muscles in order to perform movement In Smullyans opinion nothing exists outside of the physical world He is stating that if there is something that cannot be touched or cannot be observed then it is non-existent He also says an immaterial object does not exist and therefore cannot be killed It is absolutely impossible to kill something that you cant touch and you cant study the physical make up to find out what would kill it or help it
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