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Emile Durkheim a sociologist in 1897 was a pioneer in his field He set out to explain why some social groups have higher suicide rates than others His explanation for this was that some groups are not as well socially integrated as others Social integration is the attachments ties and shared bonds one has with others Durkheim believed that the less social integration one had the more likely they were to commit suicide Some specific cases he applied this to were the absence of marriage andor family belief in a religion and connection to a religious community and economic status of the individual In some cases statistics reinforced his social theories and in others it was obvious that he was mistaken However one thing is infallible that his research was the first to examine the inner social workings of suicide Durkheim believed as a general rule that the more social integration one experienced the less likely they were to commit suicide Therefore it is logical that without a spouse or close family one would be more likely to commit suicide In this context two varieties of suicide would make sense Egoistic suicide or suicide where social ties are absent would be more likely to affect a person who had lived alone most of hisher life had no spouse or children and decided that life was simply not worth living Anomic suicide on the other hand would more likely be a person with a spouse or children who lost them through divorce death custody disputes or by any other means and gave up their life because it had lost its meaning His reasoning for this can be summarized in three main points First by adapting to group life one subordinates oneself to the goals of the group Second a married person is more concerned with the issues the group is facing and cannot be as introspective and suicidal Lastly ones sexual appetite is fulfilled and therefore
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