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Word Count: 519
How did a small Spanish army conquer the Aztecs A small Spanish army of 900 conquered the Aztec civilisation of 200000 in 1519-1521 The small army had only 600 and then 300 reinforcements They did this with the help of their better weapons and resources They also had smarter strategies which with the Aztec mistakes and a few accidental factors allowed them to overpower the Aztecs The Spanish had a wide variety of weapons and resources which helped them to take over the Aztec civilisation The Spaniards had guns and horses This gave them an enormous advantage over the Aztecs who were fighting on the ground on foot with wooden weapons The Aztecs only had wooden lances tipped with stone and cane shields whereas the Spaniards had steel weapons and shields The Spaniards had full metal armour while the Aztecs wore armour of stiffened quilted cotton All these advantages put together helped the Spaniards The Spanish had far better strategies They beat the Aztecs in that area quite remarkably The Spaniards gathered Aztec enemies to build up their numbers as they only had a small army They aimed to kill their enemy but the Aztecs wanted to capture the Spaniards as prisoners and use them for the sacrifices they performed for their Gods The Spanish also retreated when they were losing men but the Aztecs just kept on going in the war until they were hurt or killed They also used siege warfare against Tenochtitlan stopping them from getting fresh water and supplies The Aztecs didnt know what to do therefore they got very sick and had to surrender The Spaniards used their mental power against a large physical army very successfully The Aztecs made some very foolish mistakes which helped the Spanish in many ways to conquer them The first mistake they made was believing that Hernando Cortez was a god They didnt attack him straight away They gave
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