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In this essay I will examine the validity of John Rawls statement that individuals in the original position OP would choose his conception of justice over the principle of average utility To reach a satisfactory conclusion requires an elaborate groundwork of definitions and concepts which allows us to illustrate the situation Rawls conceptualized for individuals in the OP choosing between the two opposing principles of justice The first step is to define justice and more specifically the particular type of justice that applies to societies and finally examine what makes one conception of justice better than another The second step is to explain the OP by looking at the constraints present in the OP and the reasoning behind the constraints of the OP At this point the difficult preparatory work is mostly done in the third step one simply has to layout and explain the two conceptions of justice Finally one must apply what is known about the OP to the two conceptions of justice and compare the two Only then can it be determined which is the better choice for individuals in the OP and whether or not Rawls prediction is correct Armed with a plan of attack it now seems logical to begin by defining justice Websters defines justice as a The principle of moral rightness equity b Conformity to moral rightness in conduct or attitude righteousness Rawls states Justice is the first virtue of social institutions Chapt1 Pp3 and focuses his arguments around the concept of justice as it pertains to society To accommodate that focus Rawls creates a definition that is a good synthesis of the two definitions given by Websters Rawls hold that in a just society Everyone accepts and knows that the others accept the same principles of justice and the basic social institutions generally satisfy and are generally known to satisfy these principles Chapt1 Pp5 Rawls elaborates on this concept in his theory of justice and derives
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