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The actions of the human race can be seen albeit sometimes after careful examination to be influenced by certain beliefs or values In some cases the endeavours of an individual are as a response to some event whether this reaction is deliberated over or a knee- jerk one it can normally be associated with some past occurrence Most Acts of government reflect the ideologies of the ruling party and in some respects what the people of England and Wales feel strongly about at that given epoch When studying the legislation which directs how young offenders should be treated as this essay will do shortly it is possible to detect certain trends At some points the courts were directed to deal harshly with young offenders Harsh treatment varies in severity from hanging in the eighteenth century to the short sharp shock of detention centres advocated more recently A more humane approach is also detectable within the history of juvenile justice whereby the correction or treatment of young offenders is directed away from the penal system and towards welfare experts There is also some legislation which can be regarded as a reaction to a certain event as has happened recently with regard to the treatment of young people who have committed very serious crimes but although these examples are not very common it provides concern as to how far policy is geared toward addressing issues This essay will concentrate on the last 30 years of juvenile justice policy a brief outline of the changes which have occurred in this area over a longer period will be provided in order that the debate may have some context historically Morris Giller 1987 Recent legislative changes and the underlying assumptions which have influenced them will then be discussed Firstly however different approaches to juvenile justice will be considered There are two major approaches to juvenile justice the welfare approach and the justice model The justice model has as its
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