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Assignment 1 MORAL REASONING Short Essay Moral reasoning is individual or collective practical reasoning about what morally one ought to do For present purpose we may understand issues about what is right or wrong virtuous or vicious as raising moral question When we are faced with moral questions in daily life just as when we are faced with child-rearing questions sometimes we act impulsively or instinctively and sometimes we pause to reason about what we ought to do Much of our reasoning comes about through are position on an issue and how are principle effects that issue Reasoning so understood is an intrinsically normative concept An important implication of this is that any empirical data that shows that we consistently think in a given odd way about morality can be taken in one or two contrasting lights it can be taken to show that since this is what we do this is how our moral reasoning is Alternatively it can be taken to show that in the relevant range of cases we fail to think responsibly and hence fail to engage in moral reasoning And empirical data does not settle this kind of normative question for us Therefore does morality require each person to reason in the same way on the basis of the same fundamental considerations In an idea world people would do the right thing simply because it is right In the world in which we live morality is more complex People often disagree about what is right Even when a consensus on moral values is reached many find that they do not consistently live up to a moral standard One reason for this is that most people place a high value on their own welfare They may have moral ideals and commitments but concern about personal well being is a powerful motivating factor It is more powerful for some than it is for others but few can claim
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