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Contrary to popular belief Philippine resistance to American rule did not end with the capture of Emilio Aguinaldo in 1901 There were numerous resistance forces fighting for Philippine independence until the year 1910 One of these forces was led by Macario Sakay who established the Tagalog Republic Born in 1870 in Tondo Macario Sakay had a working-class background He started out as an apprentice in a calesa manufacturing shop He was also a tailor a barber and an actor in comedias and moro-moros His participation in Tagalog dramas exposed him to the world of love courage and discipline In 1894 Sakay joined the Dapitan Manila branch of the Katipunan Due to his exemplary work he became head of the branch His nightly activities as an actor in comedias camouflaged his involvement with the Katipunan Sakay assisted in the operation of the Katipunan press During the early days of the Katipunan Sakay worked with Andres Bonifacio and Emilio Jacinto He fought side by side with Bonifacio in the hills of Morong now Rizal Province During the initial stages of the Filipino-American war Sakay was jailed for his seditious activities He had been caught forming several Katipunan chapters and preaching its ideals from town to town This is the authors impression of what Sakays Republika ng Katagalugan flag must have looked like There are no available pictures of the flag this reconstruction was based on a written description Republika ng Katagalugan Released in 1902 as the result of an amnesty Sakay established with a group of other Katipuneros the Republika ng Katagalugan in the mountains of Southern Luzon Sakay held the presidency and was also called Generalisimo Francisco Carreon was the vice-president and handled Sakays correspondence Julian Montalan was the overall supervisor for military operations Cornelio Felizardo took charge of the northern part of Cavite Pasay-Bacoor while Lucio de Vega controlled the rest of the province Aniceto Oruga operated in the
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