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Rene Descartes 1596-1650 was not only a philosopher but also a mathematician and scientist As a philosopher he used skepticism as a means of finding the truth of all His idea was to doubt everything and in doubting everything anything that couldnt be doubted was definite I will doubt everything that can possibly be doubted he reasons and if anything is left then it will be absolutely certain MooreBruder 93 This Descartes felt was the only way to obtain truth and knowledge This method was to take away all the confidence in everything that was taught to us what we sense and believe and the things we take as being obvious To truly determine if we know anything is for certain we must doubt it all disregarding all we knew about it before So everything we currently believe is open to discussion and can be questioned Descartes Method of Doubt incorporated two well-known conjectures a dream conjecture and the evil demon conjecture What the dream conjecture is is the notion that everything that is reality might just be a dream Adding to the dream conjecture is the evil demon conjecture This evil demon conjecture in essence is the concept that if this all reality is just a dream then perhaps there is an evil demon that is deceiving our minds with these false images of reality So we cant assume that our bodies or that anything of our experience exists and can be trusted to be true For everything we know could be just a dream and not real at all and controlled by a deceiver No Descartes was not out of his mind He was aware that these two conjecture he composed sounded far-fetched However that was the whole point Descartes was on a quest to find certainty in an any-case-possibility What Descartes came up with after going through and doubting everything was the cogito ergo sum or I think therefore I am What
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