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Sociological Theories I will be discussing the following sociological theories which are Marxism a macro sociological theory that looks at the exploitation of the wage labourers by the capitalists causing class conflict Functionalism also a macro sociological theory sees society as working together as a whole They use an organic analogy by comparing society to the human body by looking at bodily organs in relation to how the work together as a whole The emphasis is put on function interdependence consensus social order and primary and secondary socialization Feminists who unlike the other sociological theories focus on women in society believe that society is gender biased male dominated and that there is a gender division It should be noted that there are many branches of feminists such as Marxist feminists who like Marxists believe that society is stratified Radical feminists believe women are oppressed by social structures such as patriarchy and capitalism And Liberal feminists believe that womens inequality issues are caused by faults in society and not by the social structures in place While the other sociological theories are macro sociology symbolic interactionism comes under micro sociology in that they focus on the individual in society By looking at the use of symbols in the development of human relationships and communication within society This discussion will be based on taking a closer look at these theories and how individuals are affected in society Marxists see society in terms of class conflict with the Bourgeoisie Capitalists who own the means of production and the Proletariats Working Class who are exploited by capitalism and victims of hegemony Marxists look at how capitalists benefit by the surplus value made from the working classes who labour for them without sharing in the profits made by the capitalists It was the view that the working classes were blinded into believing that they were offering a service to the capitalist in exchange
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