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Predictor Variables of Teenage Pregnancy and Effectiveness of Prevention Programs Each year approximately one million US teenagers become pregnant -- 11 percent of all women aged 15 to 19 and 20 percent of those who are sexually active become pregnant AGI 1998 There are many researched predictor variables associated with teenage pregnancy Included are self-perception household statistics child abuse athleticism and intent This research report highlights these trends of indicators or teenage pregnancy in addition to the effectiveness of a variety of different pregnancy prevention program Young Martin Young and Ting 2001 applied two theorys regarding teenage girls self-perception Banduras 1994 theory of self-efficacy and Rotters concept of locus of control Self-efficacy is defined as a persons beliefs about his or her ability to attain particular goals It has been found to impact the coping ability and behaviors of the individual Bandura 1994 Locus of control is a concept describing whether people feel that control of their lives rests in their own hands internal locus of control or in the hands of others external locus of control Rotter 1966 Through data collected by the National Education Longitudinal Study NELS Young Martin Young and Ting 2001 research of several thousand females showed that females who became pregnant later in life ANOVA results indicated that there was a statistically significant difference in locus of control between the two groups F 6442 p 0001 Females who later became pregnant scored lower M 15637 on this scale than did those who did not become pregnant M 16670 with a lower score indicating a more external locus of control ANOVA results also revealed a statistically significant difference in personal efficacy between the two groups F 4207 p 0001 Personal efficacy was lower in females who later became pregnant M 10272 as compared to those who did not become pregnant in their teens M 10836 Young Martin
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