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Gideon vs Wainwright Almost anyone in the Untied States of America can recite their Miranda Rights You have the right to remain silent Anything you say can and will be used against you You have the right to talk with a lawyer before being questioned and to have the lawyer present during the questioning If you cannot afford a lawyer one will be provided for you before questioning begins Although most people connect their Miranda Rights will the famous Miranda vs Arizona case in 1966 a major part of these basic rights If you cannot afford a lawyer one will be provided for you before questioning begins would exempt if not for the Gideon vs Wainwright case of 1963 As a prerequisite case to Miranda vs Arizona the Gideon vs Wainwright case became one the most important court cases of the 20th century as rated by Time magazine 51 year-old Clarence Gideon was accused and later convicted of breaking and entering into a pool hall When Gideon was arrested he was told that he could not have an attorney considering that the case was not a federal crime After being sentenced to jail time Gideon read books on law and how to appeal a court case Then in 1963 he wrote the Supreme Court saying that the state of Florida had violated him by not allowing him a free counsel and by following the 14th amendment which states No state shall make or enforce any laws which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States Because of his letter the Supreme Court allowed the case to be retired and appointed Gideon a lawyer After this adjustment Gideon won the case It was then established that anyone who could not afford a lawyer would be appointed one whether or not their case was a federal crime The Gideon vs Wainwright case was important because it
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