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In the region collectively known as Vietnam over 25 years of hostilities had been endured by the Vietnamese people culminating in the midst of this conflict the division of Vietnam into North and South as stated in the Geneva Accords These now independent territories each had their own system of administration vastly different in their beliefs governing each of their nations population Between 1954 and 1970 the Norths Ho Chi Minh a communist and the Souths Ngo Dinh Diem a pro-democratic nationalist were both leaders of their respective nations for periods within this time implementing many political social and economic policies that would have a lasting impact on their nations For a quarter of a century North Vietnam was a politically stable nation with the same leaders headed by Ho Chi Minh remaining in positions of power These leaders shaped and changed the North Vietnamese ideals making national independence and eventual reunification of Vietnam the common cause of both the state and the people In 1960 a new constitution derived by Ho and the remainder of the leadership outlined the control of the state in which Marxism-Leninism would be followed The following of this impacted on society giving cohesion and stability to the state All citizens regardless of age sex or qualifications were incorporated into state run programs The formation of the Lao Dong Vietnamese Workers Party established a peoples democracy ensuring a large proportion of the population were involved in political activity The people were the priority This communist belief system would remain the foundation of North Vietnam throughout the Second Indochina War allowing the nation to resist the onslaught of the Democratic South while uniting the people for their own attacks such as the Tet Offensive in 1968 turning the war in the Norths favour In stark contrast South Vietnams political administration was in tatters with heavy handed tactics against opposition and corruption rampant Ngo Dinh Diem became President of South Vietnam in
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