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Research Essay Affirmative Action in the United States There has been constant debate about the issue of Affirmative Action in American society Those who oppose this policy say it actually serves as a hindrance to the nation in that it creates reverse discrimination However in actuality it was implemented with the idea and hope that America would finally become truly equal in that the women and minorities who were so often overlooked would be given the same chance that previously was only given to white males Affirmative Action was put into operation as a means to reduce oppression and discrimination but has bread conflict along the way This paper will discuss the issue of Affirmative Action Following the historic Civil Rights Act of 1964 America was forced to confront the nearly insurmountable task of bringing about harmony and equality between the races Since the abolishment of slavery at the end of the Civil War minorities have been racially harassed and assaulted excluded from hiring groups blatantly discriminated against unfairly eliminated because of inappropriate qualification standards and have been rendered unqualified because of discrimination in education and housing In 1965 President Lyndon B Johnson addressed this pressing matter when he issued Executive Order 11246 at Howard University that required federal contractors to undertake a new policy to increase the number of minorities that they employ The idea was to establish a program with the expectation that minorities and women would finally receive equal social and economic opportunity This outreach program affirmative action aims to increase the number of underrepresented minorities and women in universities and jobs that are traditionally dominated by white males by calling for minorities and women to be given special consideration in employment education and contracting decisions Institutions with affirmative action policies generally set goals and timetables for increased diversity and use recruitment set-asides and preference as methods of achieving those goals Although affirmative action has been active
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