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Piaget vs Gardner Which view do you think best describes childhood intelligence - Piagets view or the Nature verses Nurture discussion or Gardeners multiple intelligences Explain your answer When considering intelligence Piaget focuses on the mental processes that occur rather than on the actual measure of the intellect He uses four areas to define intelligence where Gardner defines eight For Piaget these areas are a biological approach to looking at intelligence the succession of the stages knowledge and intellectual competence Vander Zanden 2003 Piagets biological approach or biological adaptation focuses on the physical and mental aspects of our bodies This includes our reflexes which occur when certain stimuli trigger an instinctive response He also discusses how we adapt to certain situations using assimilation and accommodation Assimilation occurs when new information is introduced to a person The person begins to integrate the new information into existing files or schema Accommodation occurs when the person reorganizes schema to accommodate him or herself with the environment Vander Zanden 2003 The succession of stages involves the movement through four stages that Piaget has set and defined Children must move through these stages during their childhood These include Sensorimotor Preoperational Concrete operational and Formal operational Vander Zanden 2003 Stage movement is an important factor of Piagets definition of intelligence because Piaget states there are a specific set of criteria that must be met and mastered at each stage In order to move from the first stage to the next the child must master that specific set of criteria Vander Zanden 2003 To define Intellectual Competence Piaget focuses on the highest level of functioning that can occur at a specific stage Although Piaget has approximate ages assigned to stages a childs competence is only measured by what stage they are in not by age If the child can only perform tasks that are at the preoperational stage which is the highest level the child is at regardless
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