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Confucianism Legalism and Daoism Confucianism Legalism and Daoism are the three main philosophies of the Chinese people They have been the most influential and widely taught philosophies of the Chinese for many centuries This essay will reveal the history of each philosophys origin and will reveal the main characteristics of each respected area Confucianism began as the thoughts and ideas of a man named Confucius who lived at around 500 BC It is interesting to note this was around the same time Buddha was supposedly alive Confucian was not a prophet and had little to say about gods death or the afterlife He developed instead three concepts of living that formed the basis of his philosophy First every person should accept an assigned role in society and perform the duties of that role Second the government should be virtuous Finally only well-educated and extremely virtuous officials should be appointed to run the government According to legend Confucius worked as a minister in his native province of Shandong It is said that in a less than a year almost all crime was gone However after this it is said nearby emperors became jealous and forced him to retire For the rest of his years he educated people on the ways of his teaching and stirred thought into the minds of many Daoism was thought to be founded by a man named Laozi that lived around 500 BC Daoism can be defined by its root word Dao meaning Way of Nature Laozi viewed Dao as the indescribable force that governed the universe and nature Laozi believed that people should not strive for riches or power but rather should try to bring themselves into harmony with Dao by being peacefully quieted thoughtful and humble Unlike Confucius Laozi shunned politics and advised people not to get involved in public affairs Daoism mainly influenced artists and peasants because artists were encouraged by Dao and began expressing themselves in a
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