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Why Is the Balance of Payments and the CAD So Important The balance of payments is a summary of all Australias transactions with the rest of the world The balance of payments may give an explanation for as an example why the value of the Australian dollar has appreciated A current account deficit occurs when the current account does not balance but is negative The reason Australia has a current account deficit is because of greater levels of debits than credits on goods services incomes and unrequited transfers A CAD is also due to a greater part of our investment coming from overseas savings Foreign investment will increase foreign debt This may not necessarily be a bad thing as it will increase a countrys productivity leading to greater technological advancements and higher levels of employment and growth Australia is still a young country with a potential for development The only problem is that domestic households and firms are never likely to save enough to finance all the investment our country needs Australia has always been a capital-importing country This surplus on the capital account of the balance of payments has always caused Australia to run a deficit on the current account The balance of payments may give reasons for economic occurrences As an example if the Australian Dollar falls in value the balance of payments may give an answer for why it has happened This enables the Reserve Bank of Australia to manage this macroeconomic objective of external balance by using reserve assets of other currencies to influence the FOREX market The strong domestic economy the drought and the weak global economy explain why the CAD is now so high Recent blowouts in the balance of trade in goods and services are the main cause of the CADs highs By far the biggest part of the CAD is the net income deficit The CAD follows the business cycle Australias high marginal propensity to import
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