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Discuss the Relationship Between Culture and Power in Bourdieus work Central to Bourdieus sociological work is perhaps his insights into powerful forms of social distinction The style of his research his very different to the norm and he often crosses over and combines areas of research that would usually be specialised areas Some regard him as the worlds most successful survey researcher He wanted to show a relationship between culture and social class He spoke of cultural practices as markers of underlying class distinctions Along with habitus and field a major concept in his sociology was class He says that class is a universal principle explanation Bourdieu 1984114 Bourdieu rejects objectivist and undimensional images of stratification He differentiates a lot from Marx and takes a lot from Weber For Bourdieu there are two central meta-sociological concerns He considers that the debate over whether the existence of social classes just a distorted view of the subjectivismobjectivism antinomy He writes The problem of social classes is one of the sites par excellence of the opposition between objectivism and subjectivism which locks research in a series of fictitious alternatives Bourdieu 1990 280 He tries to give a different understanding of class relations He sees the world as highly stratified A world in which individuals strive to maintain or improve upon there their standing in their hierarchically structured social space He groups three subjectivist approaches which he rejects Firstly micro level analyses like symbolic interaction which he says fail to recognise that properties of agents location in a hierarchical structure is found in every situation and interaction Secondly he rejects the approaches which talk of social class existence and identity as individual or collective consciousness He also rejects the view of social class as something that is made up and doesnt have roots in social reality But although he bases social distinctions in more objective structures Bourdieu doesnt accept those strictly objectivist approaches to social inequality
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