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Word Count: 342
Why was England the first country to industrialize There are many reasons as to why England was the first of the European nation-states to industrialize First off there were conditions that already existed in England prior to the Industrial Revolution that help to explain why England was first to industrialize Feudalism was already breaking down around the early 1700s The death of Feudalism resulted in many serfs that were left to find a new way of sustaining their economic livelihood They did this by migrating to cities like London which created a new labor market Labor was being bought and sold in England before the other European nations There was also a big market for wool in England and that lead to what was known as the Enclosure Movement Large landholders bought even more land for the sheep to graze on and many times the common land of the peasants bought off by these rich landowners The landowners used fences for the first time to enclose large pieces of land and peasants were evicted from their homes This forced them to find work in the citys factories and for the first time in their lives sell their labor on the newly capitalist market The Enlightenment beliefs also played a role in bringing about great changes in Great Britain during the Industrial Revolution Some of the key Enlightenment beliefs were mans dominance over nature and human progress which were relevant to the changes going on in Englands society during this time period The British government also played an important role in helping support and foster the Industrial Revolution The British government created many policies that supported economic growth and also created new laws that encouraged new inventions and new banking systems The death of feudalism the Enclosure Movement the Enlightenment and the backing of the British government all played a role in England being the first European nation-state to industrialize All these factors
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