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III 1The development of Muslim authority within India grew out of the demise of the Abbasid Caliphate in Persia Eastward expansion under the Ghaznavids and the subsequent acquisition of territories in Northern India helped provide a stepping-stone for further insurgencies into the prosperous region of the Deccan and southern India By way of introducing the Shari Law and many other Turkish administrative customs the Muslim elite were able to consolidate their foothold in the various regions Hindu regional elites were appeased and then later taxed under the rule of the Tughluqs Their role in the localities was therefore central to both the development and the demise of Muslim hegemony in this period The importation of a wealth of materials and technological advances in the form of horses and various ingenious agricultural inventions also serve to transform the social political and economical environment in the region However the very fact that the Hindu peoples made up the superior portion of the population was systematic in preventing the extension of Muslim rule throughout The various Hindu regional polities which grew out of the indirect rule of the Sultanates of Delhi and Daulatabad notably Vijayanagar underline this factor The Ghurid acquisition of Ghazni in 1152 marked a marked growth of Muslims eastward expansion Bringing with them a variety of new trades horses slaves the Ghurids notably Ala Udin and Mahmud of Ghori were able to supplant the local Rajput princes After a decisive loss at Tarain in 1193 Mahmud of Ghori successfully swept to victory and toward Delhi in 1198 Although Mahmud was not instrumental in bringing about the growth of Delhi his slave and lieutenant Aibak quickly asserted himself as the ruling authority Using a system of superior techniques and the extensive materials at his disposal Aibak was able to consolidate his position Aibak himself quickly set up an independent stateof Ghazni based in Lahore His central authority was dependent on the allegiance of the military followers
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