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Biomechanics Within the field of kinesiology many different job opportunities are available Biomechanics the study of the structure and function of biological systems using the methods of mechanics Hatze 1974 p 189 is a fairly new title for an old practice The idea of biomechanics has been around since Aristotle first wrote On the Movement of Animals Hamill 1995 Since then it has slowly evolved until the1960s when it received the name of biomechanics and now is gaining more attention Biomechanics is a potentially large field of study but employers need to find ways to utilize this opportunity Joseph Hamill describes the history of biomechanics as a long and gradual progression Many past philosophers and scientists have made significant advancement in biomechanics Galileo found equations for constant acceleration One of Galileos students Alfonso Borelli demonstrated that animals are similar to machines in that they are a system of pulleys and levers and that muscles functioned according to mathematical concepts Leonardo da Vinci was probably the first biomechanist He was interested in human movement both as science and as art He made the relationship between biomechanical concepts and the musculoskeletal system Sir Isaac Newton was not a biomechanist but he did help the cause by providing us with his three laws of motion In the 1800s two photographers Etienne Jules Marey and Eadward Muybridge both made advancements for biomechanics He measured step frequency and related it with speed He founded methods for automatic timing of events as well Muybridge used multiple cameras to take pictures of an animal in motion He took them along the cardinal axis to break each bit of motion into different pieces AV Hill created a velocity curve for sprinting and considered air resistance when running Herbert Elftman focused on the movement of muscle using film data Finally in the 1960s biomechanics laboratories are built and more drastic advances are made due to computer technology and more attention to the field
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