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Ancient Chinas civilization began approximately 8000 years ago on the banks of three great rivers These were the Yellow in the north the Wei in the northwest and the Yanzi in the south For centuries the Ancient Chinese having been enclosed by mountains deserts and seas and having little contact with the outside world developed their own way of life and called their country the Middle Kingdom as they believed it to be the centre of the universe China had been subjected to incessant warfare over the centuries and yearned for peace thus the Emperor came into being about 1800 BC He brought the many smaller states together The idea of having an emperor originated from their idea of God having a son to send down to earth and keep the world in order The emperor also possessed a gift known as the mandate of heaven This was the belief that the emperor was given heavenly permission to rule The mandate meant that the leader was the son of heaven An emperors subjects expected him to be wise hardworking unselfish good and a brilliant military leader People rebelled against a leader who didnt care for their wellbeing and believed the heavenly spirits showed their displeasure with him through natural disasters like an earthquake drought flood or famine The mandate was then taken away and given to someone else or others could fight for the right The winner therefore achieved the mandate The Emperor ensured the people were brought together into one social structure where everyone knew their place The aristocracy were eventually abloished and territories divided Previously there had been a multitude of scattered villages with little or no structure within them A social system emanating from the emperor down came into being This was very beneficial to the Chinese as they had a huge population and needed that guidance from above to help organise their country as a whole The structure
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