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History of Cars By Kenny Carroll Motor car road vehicle which first appeared in the 19th Century The steam propelled the first cars but such vehicles were not a success and the age of the motor car really dates from the introduction of the petrol-driven horseless carriages of Gottfrield Daimler and Karl Benz 1885-86 The internal combustion engine for these cars had been developed earlier by several engineers most notably by the German Nickolaus Otto in 1876 The main components of a motor car from then till now are a body or chassis to which are attached all other parts - including the engine or power plant the transmission system for transferring the drive to the wheels and the steering braking and suspension mechanisms for guiding stopping and supporting the car A few experts assembled the first cars but Henry Ford and R E Olds in the USA began modern mass-production in the early 1900s By this means the cost of a car was drastically reduced and more people could afford done In most modern car factories component parts are put together on assembly lines - slow-moving conveyor belts Each worker usually has a specific task example fitting doors or crankshafts Bodies and engines are constructed on separate assembly lines which converge when the engine is installed Overhead rail conveyors move heavy components to and along the assembly lines and lower them into position At a later stage on the assembly line such items as lamps are fitted and electrical braking and control systems are tested The fully assembled car is road tested before sale The automobile was not invented overnight It took shape from an accumulation of technical advances that resulted in a light and efficient engine The accepted fathers of the modern motor car are two Germans Karl Benz 1844-1929 and Gottfried Daimler 1834-1900 who built their first petrol-fuelled motor vehicles within a few months of each other 1885-6
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