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AD 43- Pomponius Mela published a map of a supposed southern continent AD 700s- Canoeists from Polynesia might have viewed icebergs and pack ice from Antarctica 1773- Cook makes the first known crossing of the Antarctic Circle He could not break through the ice so he sails right past Antarctica but doesnt see the actual continent 1810- Hasslburgh discovers Macquarie Island which is about 800 kilometres from the Tasmanian coast A shipwreck is found which probably means there have been earlier visitors 1820- Bellingshausen Russian explorer views the ice cliffs of Antarctica but doesnt realise they are part of Antarctica - Englishmen Lieutenant Bransfield and Smith see the mainland of Antarctica 1821- Captain John Davis who was an American seal hunter and his sea crew make the first landing on the continent at Hughes bay 1840- American navel captain Charles Wilkes explores and sails 1500 kilometres along the edge of the ice pack and sees land at various points and thereby establishing that Antarctica is a single landmass 1841- English captain James Ross discovers the Ross Sea and the Ross Ice Shelf named after him later He carries out the first extensive exploration of the continent discovering the volcanoes Erebus and Terror Cape Adare and Victoria and sights and names parts of the Transantarctic Mountain chain 1886- The Australian Antarctic Committee is founded by Australia 1898- Norwegian Carstens Borchgrevink leads the first expedition to spend winter in Antarctica at Cape Adare 1907- Shackleton Leads a British Antarctic Expedition to Antarctica and gets within 160 kilometres of the South Pole -Edgeworth David and Douglas Mawson Are the first to climb Mount Erebus 1909- Edgeworth David Douglas Mawson and Forbes Mackay reach the South Pole on 16 January they are the first to reach it 1911- Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen and British explorer Robert Falcon Scott raced against each other to
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