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In the course of the 20th century film audiences have come to regard being scared out of their minds as one of the best forms of entertainment This love affair with horror starts with the fantasy films of Frances Georges Melies His trick-photography shorts filled with witches devils wizards imps and mad doctors were both spooky and funny and audiences flocked to them internationally in the 1900s More deliberate attempts at horror soon began appearing in America Robert Louis Stevensons The Strange Case Of Dr Jekyll And Mr Hyde reached the screen in 1908 Mary Shelleys Frankenstein in 1910 Master filmmaker DW Griffith eventually set the tone for the genre with his seven-reel chiller The Avenging Conscience 1914 a dream of madness and guilt drawn from the writings of Edgar Allan Poe The German Expressionist cinema produced two landmarks of horror in the wake of World War I The Cabinet Of Dr Caligari 1919 written by Hans Janowitz and Carl Mayer and directed by Robert Wiene used distorted sets to bring an unrelenting sense of doom to its tale of a sleepwalker controlled by a sinister hypnotist FW Murnaus Nosferatu 1922 a liberal and unauthorized adaptation of Bram Stokers Dracula depicted the vampires supernatural powers through imaginative camera tricks Elements of horror also distinguished such German silents as Paul Wegeners fantasy The Golem 1920 Wienes thriller Hands Of Orlac 1925 and Fritz Langs science-fiction classic Metropolis 1926 Director Paul Leni capped his German filmmaking career with the creepy Waxworks 1924 in which wax statues of killers come to life Leni later came to America sticking with the atmospheric and the bizarre for his haunted-house thriller The Cat And The Canary 1927 and The Man Who Laughs 1928 an adaptation of Victor Hugos novel about a mutilated clown By the end of the 20s American films had developed a tradition of horror in which Leni could readily find a place Dr Jekyll And Mr Hyde 1920
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