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The Korean War was a result of the division of Korea after World War 2 Japan controlled Korea prior to 1945 when the United States and the Soviet Union divided Korea at the 38th parallel The US did this in the fear that the Soviet Union would take over Korea This was the beginning of the split between the north and south Both the US and the Soviet Union began to build their regimes within their halves to support their interests By the end of 1946 these regimes of the north and of the south were in place although the official split didnt occur until 1948 That year the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea was formed under the Soviet backed Kim II Sung The Souths leader Syngman Rhee was backed by the US and formed the Republic of Korea The Souths new government was barely even formed before it had its first problem The North had incited guerrilla movement the south took two years to suppress the movement This was only accomplished with the aid of about 500 American advisors that were left behind after the withdraw of the Soviet and American troops In May of 1949 the first border fighting broke out and continued in small isolated events until December of 1949 The South had provoked many of these skirmishes and when the Republic of Korea also know as the ROK asked for US tanks and airplanes they were denied the supplies Instead the US sent observers into Korea Kim and the DPRK hoped that the summer of 1950 would be the same as the previous summer The South Korean attacks would give Kim the reason that he needed to invade below the 38th parallel He got this reason on the early morning of June 25th 1950 With a minor lunge of ROK forces over the 38th The fighting broke out on the western side of the 38th at roughly 3
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