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Word Count: 403
Braille is a system of writing and printing for blind or visually impaired people in which varied arrangements of glyphs or raised dots representing letters and numerals are identified by touch It was created in the early 1820s and is one of the most important developments in the education of people who are blind Today Braille is the standard reading and writing system for the blind Louis Braille a young Frenchman was born in a town called Coupvray near Paris on January 4 1809 Simon Ren Braille a local harness maker and his wife Monique were the parents of Louis Along with his three other siblings Louis was a bright but curious child His curiosity took from him his most prized possession but also provided him with a great gift that changed the lives of many people At the age of three while playing in his fathers shop Louis injured his eye on a sharp tool Regardless of the best care available at the time infection set in and soon spread to the other eye as well leaving him completely blind Louis soon began attending school and by the age of 10 he was sent on a scholarship to the Royal Institution for Blind Youth in Paris There Louis did well at his studies as he did before He soon developed a talent for music He played the piano but then switched to the organ He tried to learn a system that involved many raised dots but found it too difficult to learn Charles Barbier de la Serre a French army captain was the one who actually developed the system of raised dots used for tactile writing and reading He called this system Sonography because it stood for words according to sound rather than spelling He originally developed it for soldiers to write and read messages in complete darkness The army did not adopt this system because it was too complex
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