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In 1945-1985 NZ was involved militarily in Asia The main reason was the Canberra pact of 1944 The main conflicts NZ was involved in were Korea 1950-1953 Malaysia 1960-1966 and Vietnam 1965-1972 One of the reasons NZ was involved in Asia was the Canberra pact signed in 1944 It was actually an illegal pact as NZ hadnt adopted the Statute of Westminster that gave them control over their external affairs The Canberra pact was signed with Australia because they Australia and NZ were afraid that the Allies would forget or ignore them in post-war settlements In the Canberra pact NZ and Australia pledged to consult with each other about goings-on in the region It also said they would oppose military installations and build a council that would promote economical and social growth NZ believed in Collective Security This meant that they were involved in the United Nations and the Commonwealth Some of the documents that NZ signed that committed her to the Asian conflicts were ANZAM where Australia Britain and NZ planed defense for Malaya ANZAM was replaced by the Five Power Defence Arrangement in 1971 The ANZUS treaty of 1951 was between Australia NZ and USA And the SEATO agreement was the SouthEast Asia Treaty Organization signed in 1954 with Australia Britain France Pakistan Philippines Thailand and USA NZ was involved in Korea after North Korea invaded South in 1950 The UN decided this was aggressive action and sent in troops NZ sent K-Force troops artillery airforce infantry and 6 frigates 33 men were killed and 79 wounded In Malaysia NZ troops stopped communist aggression as part of ANZAM They were stationed in Singapore In 1963 the federation of Malaysia was formed and troops stayed to look after the new nation Indonesian guerillas had running battles with troops This lasted until 1966 when Indonesia withdrew her troops Vietnam was divided at the 17th parallel
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