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Word Count: 787
Of all the things Chicago is known for organized crime is the most widely recognized Even though it has been nearly fifty years since the rattle of tommyguns has died in the streets all over the world when people think of Chicago they think of gangsters Lombardo 1 Organized crime in Chicago began in the 1870s and is still around today During the roaring twenties it reached its climax not only in Chicago but all over the US This rise in crime was attributed to Prohibition and the increasing demand for illegal alcohol In the years leading up to the twenties gambling and prostitution were the major trades of organized crime supported by shabby politics and corrupt police forces Organized Crime During the twenties Chicago was truly the most corrupt city in the Midwest The passing of the prohibition allowed the opportunity for many criminal organizations and gangs to make a lot of money very quickly Johnny Torrio and Al Capone ran the first of the most successful syndicates This syndicate was originally built by James Big Jim Colosimo Big Jim started as an aldermans aide for the city of Chicago which gave him considerable control over prostitution and other vice activity in the Levee District the red light district in Chicago during the late 1800s and early 1900sLombardo 8 From 1902 Big Jim was the head of organized crime in Chicago He owned plush brothels saloons and a nightclub James Colosimo He recruited his New York relative Johnny Torrio to help protect him Torrios usefulness included protecting Big Jim from extortion and overseeing the bordellos In 1920 Torrio had Big Jim murdered because Big Jim did not want to go into bootlegging Torrio found this unacceptable Lombardo 9 The corruption had become extremely obvious in the political structure of Chicago and its neighboring communities William Dever a reform mayor was elected in 1923 He believed firmly in the law and immediately ordered
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