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Word Count: 408
The word Photography was invented by Sir John Herschel who first used the term in 1839 The word is derived from the Greek words for light and writing The first known use of photography was at the beginning of the nineteenth century when Thomas Wedgwood was conducting experiments He had successfully captured images but his silhouettes could not last as there was no known method of making the image permanent The first successful picture was produced in July of 1827 by a guy named Neipce He called his product the Heliograph and his first picture required an exposure time of eight hours In 1833 Niepce died His partner Louis Daguerre continued to experiment with photography and discovered a process which greatly reduced exposure time from eight hours to half an hour He called this process Daguerreotype This process wa a good yet expensive process and pictures could not be duplicated using this process The first Negative ever used was in 1841 by William Henry Fox Talbot He invented the Calotype process The Calotype process provided the means of making an unlimited number of prints using one negative This process was not as popular as the Daguerreotype process as it reduced the quality of the final print In 1851 a new era in photography was introduced by Frderick Scott Archer who introduced the Collodion process This process was much faster than conventional methods reducing exposure time to two or three seconds This method opened up new horizons in photography George Eastman introduced the Box Camera It used roll film The Box Camera had a simple lens focusing on eight feet and beyond It was Portable and cost five pounds One roll of film took one hundred images all circular in shape The entire camera would be mailed to the factory where the film was processed and the camera re-loaded and returned to the owner The charge for this being 210 His invention was called
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