scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 3,740
Plastics are made from petroleum and natural gas to provide the world with infinite uses from the very simple such as food storage containers to the very complex as in artificial limbs Plastics surround everyone at every moment of their day Without them all every day items would cost more and would not be made to suit specific uses as plastics commonly are The first pioneer in the plastic development was John Wesley Hyatt He was a New York printer that was competing to find a substitute for ivory in billiard balls to win a 10000 prize offered by Phelan and Collender1 Although Hyatt didnt find a substitute for billiard balls he did make a very important discovery He invented Celluloid a chemically treated natural base plastic which was the first of its kind in 1863 Hyatt mixed together collodion and camphor and this mixture yielded Celluloid2 Celluloid was too brittle for use in billiard balls but was used in ladies combs and gentlemens collars Celluloid was later introduced to Eastman Kodak Company as a photographic film-base in 1884 In 1907 Leo Baekeland a Belgian chemist who worked in New York City created the worlds first synthetic or made-to-order plastic Baekeland was looking for substitutes for shellac a sticky substance that is created by the Laccifer lacca at a much slower rate than was needed One pound of natural shellac could be produced in six months using approximately 150000 Laccifer lacca Baekeland created a polymer that was superior to shellac He mixed phenol and formaldehyde smelly derivatives of coal and created a plastic called Bakelite which was named after him3 Appendix A Hermann Staudinger correctly explained the molecular makeup of polymers in 1920 Staudinger was a German chemist that made himself famous when he formed the macromolecular theory This theory allowed chemists and scientists to invent new ways to make plastics as well as tailor them for specific uses4 Fourteen years after the macromolecular theory
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA