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When an initial military coup failed to win control of the entire country a bloody violent civil war raged within its boundaries Stretching from the northern part of Africa to the Pyrenees Mountains the fighting led to the deaths of hundreds of thousands of Spaniards who had simply fought to protect an ideal democracy In this essay I shall be looking at the events that slowly led up to the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War and try to identify which were the chief causes In the early 1900s Spain was ruled by the constitutional monarchy of King Alfonso XIII His family the Bourbons had ruled since the 18th century However Spain was going through a time of unrest and the government was rather inefficient and corrupt The Spanish-American War of the 1890s had created hard times and due to this long period of decline many people lost their beliefs in what was once known as a strong kingdom as the Spanish Empire had fallen behind in the industrialisation process After having gone through social land and economic reforms in order to restore peace after a Moroccan revolt King Alfonso made his armys general Miguel Primo de Rivera a dictator Rivera stopped the rebellion successfully in 1925 but his new power and the suspension of the constitution intensified the already serious situation Soon after the dictators rule came to an end after the depression of the 1930s hit Spain hard and unemployment rose Rivera did not have the ability to sort out Spains financial mess so the army withdrew its support and Rivera had to resign and Alfonso XIII took over the government again This was one short-term cause which created the uproar of the PSOE Spanish Socialist Workers Party in the following year The socialists and liberals called for a republican form of government to put an end to the corrupt system of Caciquismo and no longer able to control his
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