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Pearl HarborMy report is about the attack on Pearl Harbor In this report I will explain what happened and why it happened So you know Pearl Harbor is located on Oahu island HawaiiPearl Harbor was the operating base of the US Pacific Fleet The Japanese pulled a surprise attack on the US on December 7 1941 at 750 AM during the beginning of World War II On November 26 a powerful Japanese task force under the command of vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo left the Kuril Islands on December 2 it received a coded message issuing the attack order The undetected Japanese force arrived off the Hawaiian Islands on the morning of December 7 In two successive waves more than 350 Japanese bombers torpedo planes and fighters struck More than 75 US warshipsincluding battleships cruisers destroyers submarines and auxiliaries were based at this Gibraltar of the Pacific All US aircraft carriers were elsewhere Observing radio silence it reached a launching point at 6 AM December 7 At 750 AM the first wave of Japanese planes struck Pearl Harbor bombarding airfields and battleships moored at the concrete quays The US totally taken off guard had to defend themselves in pajamas They used anti-aircraft guns in an attempt to stop the Japanese A second wave followed The surprise attack was over before 10 AM The results were devastating 18 US ships were hit and more than 200 aircraft destroyed or damaged The battleship Arizona was a total wreck the West Virginia and California were sunk and the Nevada was heavily damaged Approximately 2400 Americans were killed 1300 wounded and 1000 missing Japanese losses were fewer than 100 casualties 29 planes and 5 midget submarines The Japanese totally destroyed the US naval power in the Pacific The attack was however a colossal political and psychological blunder for it mobilized US public opinion against the Japanese and served as the catalyst that brought the United States into the war December
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