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The history of the Panama Canal begins in the 1880s when the Clayton-Bulwer treaty was signed on April 191880 This treaty between the United States and Great Britain stated that neither country could excavate in the Colombian area At the time prospecting for Colombian oil was the key issue On February 5 1900 the Hay-Pauncefote treaty was brought forward This treaty renounced British rights to joint construction and ownership of a canal and was rejected when the treaty reached the British Parliament In November 1901 the second Hay-Pauncefote treaty was signed by both the United States and Great Britain By Britain signing the treaty this allowed the United States to dig and maintain a canal in panama On January 231903 the Hay-Heran treaty was signed between Colombia and the United States This treaty allowed the United States to start construction on the canal but the Colombia Senate didnt immediately ratify the treaty The Hay-Bunua-Varilla treaty between the United States and the new government of Panama was signed on November 181903 This treaty gave the United States a canal zone with five miles on each side of the canal The ten million dollars gave the United States the right of the zone with a 250 thousand dollar yearly payment The ratification of the Hay-Bunua-Varilla treaty took longer than the United States expected The eleven-year wait caused the expense of the canal to go up to twenty five million dollars Then later Colombia didnt want to give up the five miles on each side of the canal Without the five miles on each side of the canal the United States couldnt put in the proper transportation for the building of the canal On September 21914 the Colombian government gave the Canal Zone
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