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Word Count: 420
The Dust Bowl is the common name applied to a large area in the southern part of the Great Plains region of the United States much of which suffered extensively from wind erosion during the 1930s The area included parts of Kansas Oklahoma Texas New Mexico and Colorado In its original state the region was covered with hardy grasses that held the fine-grained soil in place in spite of the long recurrent droughts and occasional torrential rains characteristic of the area A large number of homesteaders settled in the region in the 30 years before World War I planting wheat and row crops and raising cattle Both of these land uses left the soil exposed to the danger of erosion by the winds that constantly sweep over the gently rolling land As we learned in class erosion reshapes the land in a way of moving dirt rocks and plants Most of the time when the plants are moved they probably have a instant death because they arent planted Beginning in the early 1930s the region suffered a period of severe droughts and the soil began to blow away The organic matter clay and silt in the soil were carried great distances by the winds in some cases darkening the sky as far as the Atlantic coast and sand and heavier materials drifted against houses fences and barns there were some reports of the sand blowing so hard against houses it wore away the paint In many places 3-4 inches of topsoil were blown away Many thousands of families their farms ruined migrated westward about a third of the remaining families had to accept government relief This goverment helpful to many people Beginning in 1935 intensive efforts were made by both federal and state governments to develop adequate programs for soil conservation and for rehabilitation of the Dust Bowl Many people moved out to California to join in on the quest for gold to get away
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