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Word Count: 379
For hundreds perhaps thousands of years the native Mikmaqs hunted and fished the bountiful lands and waters of present-day Nova Scotia Soon after John Cabots exploration of North America in 1497 European fishermen sailed to the shores of the new land eager to take advantage of the seemingly endless cod stocks In 1605 the French established the first permanent European settlement in what is now Canada They named their small settlement Port Royal and named the vast lands surrounding it Accadie However the British wanted the land for their own In 1713 the Treaty of Utrecht gave the British a strong foothold in this part of the New World they gave it their own name Nova Scotia Latin for New Scotland The French and English vied for dominance moving people to and for as chess pieces in the battle The British recruited a large number of German and Swiss Protestants to come to this untamed land as farmers In 1755they also ordered the deportation of 10000 French Accidens who wandered across North America dispossessed of all they knew Long fellow immortalized their plight in his epic poem Evangeline Some of the Accidens made their way to Louisiana their descendants are known today as Cajuns The Expulsion of the Accidens as it is known has gone down in history books as a tragic event in Canadian historyOver the years more settlers came for reasons as diverse as their heritage The America Revolution forced colonists loyal to the British Crown to flee the New England states Thousands of these Loyalists both black and white came to Nova Scotia Around the same time thousands of Scots expelled from their lands by the Highland Clearances sought a new life on the shores of New ScotlandSince the age of steam well over a million immigrants from around the globe have arrived through the port of Halifax at Pier 21 the Gateway to Canada Some ventured to other parts of North
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